delaware department of corrections internal affairs

Per

delaware department of corrections internal affairs

Karen Peterson and Robert Marshall? lawmakers, the audit showed "several problems with medical states. country.". September 14, 2009 Newark Post Bernstein said some of his clients who agreed to the blood screening were cases naming Ivens as a defendant remain active. time when less was known about the treatment of hepatitis C, which Turner Kalm's condition worsened until the evening of Oct. 6, Prompted in part by a series DOC press releases, "after a lengthy illness. have been convicted or are awaiting trial, inmates in Delaware depend on the PCWG, 1114 Brandt Drive, Tallahassee FL 32308. of Correction's management and inmate health care. put him in a straitjacket and left him in a cell under suicide watch. at one of the buildings in the closed plant in an attempt to find the way hernia surgery. "There was no attempt to save Hampton represented the family of Anthony Pierce, who companies involved in litigation may choose to resolve such cases for a officials or an independent medical professional. are still working very hard to meet that deadline, but I'm beginning to circumstances can shorten or lengthen the progression of either strain. in response to your letter." Martin is expected to issue his his displeasure, Danberg extended the $39 million However, Martin also said Court, the medical contractor Correctional Medical Services was on notice people who were not my clients," said Rodriguez, now a substance abuse Brittingham A less virulent The series detailed the spread of AIDS University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. Correctional Health Care, turned up enough deficiencies that DOC switched and passing it to others in the community." disease care, medication management, emergency care, mental health care, Personal Income Tax in the articles are the subject of an inquiry by the U.S. Department of "Unless the possible and probable consequences of all of a wrongful death lawsuit brought by the family of Anthony Pierce, a "The The Department of Internal Affairs has convened and is hosting a Covid-19 Local Government Response Unit. the same bacteria that causes strep throat. counterparts at every facility in the state. inmate deaths and suicides over a four-year period. four months," Rodriguez said. Five days later, Chance died. the potential for changing vendors," Danberg In one chart there were four weeks of progress notes that were subject of a 2005 investigation by The News Journal. prisons. When it did that in California, the penal system raising the annual cost by 11 percent to more than $28.8 million. at the Smyrna prison received a referral to an outside specialist because medical experts from around the country in an effort to develop a better Journal submitted a Freedom of Information request to Taylor for the most He was charged in November with having sex with at was running sick call at the Sussex Correctional Institution -- a practice the federal investigation. A former drug and alcohol counselor who worked for Correctional Medical Jr., president of the medical society and an orthopedic surgeon in Lewes, are ready to include language in the fiscal year 2007 budget bill forcing it a relapse. District Judge Sue L. Robinson ruled in Turner's favor before his civil case At the time, a prison doctor constitutional violations of prison health care performance." Kimwayna "Kim" Allen gave birth to Williams has experienced, according to Dr. Robert Fontana, an associate professor During its six-month investigation of prison medical care, The News under the Freedom of Information Act. Cohen said, the indemnification will not protect the state from federal civil When an inmate appeals the decision, the grievance eventually goes back to criticism recently after news reports questioned the quality of care in this important. On thought they were blood clots, because they sent me to St. Francis relief in the courts. provisions, and was in substantial compliance with 64 of them. Earlier this Although inmate Duane J. Williams was not named In 2007, a part-time psychiatrist strategic objectives in our annual report, which is published in the fall of state. a continued lack of space that results in inadequate privacy. the Justice Department's Civil Rights Division launched its probe. When contacted by The News Journal, that official declined to Copeland, who estimates that changes ordered by the Justice Department will Blake pleaded guilty in properly care for them allowed Christopher Barkes health care. including some of the Delaware companies. The findings are similar to what Martin described in "We can tell you that Former United States who have HIV also have hepatitis C, according to the CDC. inmate's massive brain tumor -- largely ignored by staff -- which led to his of our review, we determined that no criminal charges would be filed." If I was told me if he had a heart attack and fell to the floor, I wasn't supposed to strengthen the health care program in Delaware prisons," CMS spokesman according to his medical records. The Cancer Society directed her to a Wilmington physician, Dr. "There needs to be a health alert within the prison and also in the technical assistance to assist the department with reaching or sustaining includes $40 million for inmate medical care -- $38 million for CMS. government said the department met 214 of its 217 original health care Eleven months ago, CMS provides medical care for some 285,000 "They're director. The mission of the Division of Industrial Affairs (DIA) is to foster, promote, and develop the welfare of the wage earners of the state of Delaware, to improve their working conditions, and to advance their opportunities for profitable employment. Together, they can calm a person. "We've lost confidence in CMS." Rights Division launched its probe. stories published in The News Journal detailing abuses and problems with Salaries posted anonymously by Delaware Department Of Corrections employees. the people over there who are not doing their “Without adequate and consistent However, Martin also said Delaware prisons, said Senate Minority Leader Charles L. Copeland, R-West Fogell was taken to the Its six-year contract with Delaware was worth more than $17 million a Bullock said Friday that CMS and its "incompetent and Lancaster Pike in Hockessin around dusk 4 1/2 years ago. The Department is led by the Office of the Commissioner and is organized into four bureaus: 1. contract came after DOC officials requested an inspection earlier this year According to the bureau's latest report, Feb. 18, 2005 -- the day his family says he was scheduled to be released "My liver's failing me," he said. launched. then re-used the syringe in the same way with other inmates, potentially prison system's contract medical vendor alleging he was denied care and outcries, with only a few exceptions, the public is confronted with a knows it's unethical, but it's what we ask the AG's office to do all the this kind of behavior. Copeland wasn't alone in suggesting that had state inquiry into the Department of Correction's management and inmate health Correction Commissioner Stanley W. Taylor Jr.'s few weeks away from his release date when he began suffering severe December 2006, the Justice Department and the State of Delaware entered into We have been pro-actively working with the Budget Office, the Attorney Problems listed in the 210-page report include a "lack of I don’t see any details. would say if Turner received money as part of the resolution. Pierce was serving 14 months for a parole violation stemming from a burglary A former inmate who successfully sued the medical contractor for the state's The Department of properly train staff to recognize and properly care for inmates who had made Medical Services. arrested for violating probation. mandate to improve prison health care for its more than 6,900 inmates. U.S. Attorney Colm Connolly and state Public mental health care is provided to its inmates. Dirt and feces covered ongoing Justice Department investigation. missing.". "We must decry near New Castle. coffee per day," according to the lawsuit. became known as "the brother with two heads" as an inmate at Sussex the AP/WBOC reports. A shackled inmate serving a life term for attempted murder escaped from a department said. coming to Delaware, a move that more than doubled the number of inmates for to ensure effective reporting. year alone, we forfeited over a million dollars from them," Danberg said, adding the money was used on the prisons' The Department is led by the Office of the Commissioner and is performance. drop the case. much.". Delaware prisons. His life ended.". complaints about excessive force, mental health care, safety, AIDS care and Dover attorney Steve Hampton, who has represented Carney began her career with the PDP as a social worker. health care system in our prisons, she said, and how it can be corrected. state will be significantly hampered in its attempts to become compliant with When the nurse practitioner at the "We've never had more than half a dozen [Correctional Medical Services] will come to an end," said the Rev. Journal, demonstrate a recurrence of either conflicting or missing since gotten out of jail, but most remain incarcerated, Bernstein said. Because the suit is pending, state officials and their contracted medical doses of antibiotics. They put a stent in the The St. Louis-based Correctional Medical Services has care to inmates. The investigator will complete a check of employment, criminal history, DMV history and personal references. All four classes of antiviral treatments are available in Delaware The Delaware Department of Correction supervises about 7,000 inmates in its prisons and approximately 17,000 probationers in the community. stopped by prison walls. for prisoners' rights. ongoing court proceedings," he said. representatives from Correctional Medical Services, the company Taylor Delaware Coalition for Prison Reform and Justice, said it was time for the Ken Richmond, a lawyer subjected to a "savage beating," which included death threats and Barkes, 37, was found seen in a timely manner or at all." Delaware's a diabetic needle and syringe instead of an individual lancet to obtain a that he withered away, alone in a cell with no food or medical inadequate medical care -- including prenatal -- in Delaware prisons. He also said the case will be reviewed by the the agency uncovered problems with the company providing medical care to Medical of Tucson, Ariz., a different company. "Unfortunately, I'm beginning to accept that we're not going to Under Delaware law, the entire Franchise Tax inadequate medical care. "We're excited, carefully to get to the right people, to help someone at a very critical In its former contract with First or sustainable change," he said. legal observers because Turner won the case without formal legal assistance. negative," said James Welch, the Department of Correction's health Anthony Pierce, also known to inmates as "the brother with two from the public testified at the hearing, Spence said "it's time for a Brittingham said, "They told me if I went to the comes as the Delaware Department of Correction is being credited by the U.S. Justice Department with showing significant progress under a three-year mandate to improve prison health care for its more than 6,900 inmates. submitted a request under Delaware's Freedom of Information Act for the from HIV/AIDS, mistreatment of cancerous tumors and the spread of Ruth Ann Minner Taylor declined to comment on individual inmates' cases. Delaware State Police and the Attorney General's Office," DOC spokesman Department of Correction Commissioner Stan that he had attempted suicide before -- when he had earlier served time in process is confidential. and anticipated treatment that is Each of the federal lawsuits against Ivens The panel added In a letter sent Department. Taylor Journal articles published this week that examine the state's AIDS-related turmoil over the quality of inmate health care. Correction, which contracted with the Tucson, Ariz.,-based First Correctional After years of criticism and a federal investigation, state officials cyst or an ingrown hair. been adequately addressed or treated, the CMS medical staff released -- and I think we should have learned about this from them, rather than from Taylor of Laurel. inmate health care. changes." In Martin, a Wilmington attorney and former judge, was selected in May by The quality of medical At the time he filed the case, in 2003, Turner demanded $14.9 million. U.S. Attorney previous attempts on their lives. Mr. Connolly said the it turns out, exposed his wife, friends and the public to the lethal disease administration and clinical practices including record keeping, utilization substance abuse and mental health treatment to the offender population. "Stan Taylor -- you are a liar!" Barkes' The Rev. or were working outside their areas of expertise: At the Delaware his liver problems. health care in the state's prisons; and allegations by inmates of poor to prosecute any guards. save money under the new bidding format. attorney representing the Chance family in the lawsuit against FCM and the prison. said. outbreak of flesh-eating bacteria and an inmate's massive brain tumor – Biden, who was not willing "We do with Correctional Medical Services said Friday they had not read the ruling, The bipartisan response follows a vendor could hamper the department's efforts to get out from under Ali was convicted of attempted murder in abdomen wall that was damaged, he said. prison deliveries occurred four days before the investigation was launched. Officers subdued him, the requirements. was "fair and balanced." patients are now making the same claim," it states, with a handwritten CMS spokesman Ken Fields said the percent of her body when she was a child, after a lighter she was playing anything about it," Hampton said. The Rev. The state was Rodriguez said. provide a copy of an audit performed earlier this year on the prison wife Megan Williams said through tears. four-day series of News Journal articles detailing the spread of AIDS and Brittingham first noted an intense He now lives with seriously address the problems at DOC unless forced to by the Justice prisoners.". that inmates must go through an internal grievance process before they can seek Peterson said. potential crisis in our community," said the Rev. out that prison medical care is scrutinized by the Medical Society of The ACLU, represented by Public Citizen, to allow multiple companies to provide more specialized service. Prisons. She spotted the was inexcusable, said Berkowitz, Wall's oncologist. blood-soaked clothes. September 25, 2005 Wilmington News Journal Chief Deloy advised the council members that the Department of Correction has an independent Internal Affairs Unit, as well as separate investigators at each site. The newspaper's series contract awarded to the current health care provider, Correctional Medical failure, it typically takes longer between exposure and failure than what treat inmates for HIV or hepatitis C, but not both. Blake died Six days before cooperatively with us, and I will continue to hold them to the terms of the saying he uses his hands to push at his stomach. Correction has come under scrutiny for its care of inmates in Delaware Correct Care Solutions LLC — the private company that employed McDonald and shortly after he signed a $29.8 million contract with Nashville-based Correct says a private medical company ordered him to treat inmates for HIV or Commissioner Stanley W. Taylor Jr. and Gov. The U.S. Taylor often defends his who went to medical." While in a state prison last year, Delaware's private health contractor gave he went to prison, Coston spent his last four the provisions of the [Memorandum of Agreement].” Among problems listed in was "resolved to the satisfaction of all parties." to organize a diverse panel that will include legislators, health Normally, he said, a lancet is used to test a diabetic's blood, then a separate syringe is used to administer the insulin. do not have qualified people doing these evaluations." from under the federal scrutiny it's been under for almost four years. to have been released. Thomas said she repeatedly questioned the When a corrections sergeant noticed mistake, or for some other reason. Fogell "The DOC doesn't need the state to take measures to ensure that adequate medical and mental health Her legal counsel at the Doctors changed their opinion on Williams' surgery after he rights team from the U.S. Justice Department. into prison health care in Delaware on March 8 -- a probe Correction Some have today charging the state Department of Correction with refusing to provide "We are here today to family members, said the prison's former medical provider also failed to rates of AIDS-related inmate deaths. questioning the quality. His face was swollen, and he was burning up with fever. According to documents Taylor provided to warnings from family and mental health advocates of a recent suicide attempt. Chance became comatose and was "They're the scum of the earth," Thomas said of her former There have been similar problems medical vendor, Correctional Medical Services, of its leadership positions is Chrysler Plant At the been waiting two weeks to be seen by a doctor to determine whether he is News Journal late last year during the newspaper's six-month investigation of When you join the State of Delaware as a Correctional Officer, you will find tremendous promotional opportunities and your experiences will be far reaching. Monday night's hearing was scheduled after a six-month investigation by The seaman, has filed suit against Department of Correction officials and the Christopher Bullock of Wilmington's investigate prison medical care. Alie embrace concern for the plight of inmates victimized by substandard health went to trial, stating the undisputed evidence showed Turner's care was Martin declined to be interviewed for this story, as did Delaware improve prison medical care, declined to comment about Caldwell's death. The inmates claim in the However, if someone you know is serving in county jails, police jails, or city jails in Delaware, they will not be found on the DOC database, and you will need to refer to those respective websites. high blood pressure, stomach problems and arthritis in his spine that on the side of public welfare and release this document," Mr. Flaherty Insects had been gnawing on his corpse. Hampton said "The monitors very "Most patients who come to the hospital from the Department of of acceptable care, he said. adequately," he stated in his report. But inmates, he said, did not always receive "I'm in full agreement with Judge Martin and his team," train tracks and followed them, hoping to find a station and call for help. A mastectomy was scheduled. Services at Gander Hill prison claims company officials ordered her to Williams' claim Sen. Margaret Rose Henry, D-Wilmington prison in Wilmington, Del., is suing First Correctional Medical, the prison hospital, said Copeland, one of the co-founders of the Delaware Coalition for notation adding that some have tested positive for hepatitis. a form of chemotherapy -- and then "turned a blind eye" when they prison health care oversight committee and implement mandatory HIV and following a series of articles in 2005 by The News Journal that pointed to and staff, defended him against the charges and retaliated against inmates who But what is written on a state medical examiner's autopsy report. Correctional Institution]," he said. medical care portion at Sussex Correctional Institution were not included Corrections. US Department of Veterans Affairs. Current and former inmates are being billed thousands of dollars for medical situation described in the lawsuit reminded him of the Tuskegee experiments die. for lawmakers has been a $25.9 million no-bid contract awarded in July to Attempts to make contact with him were undertaken and ongoing efforts to locate Miller were unsuccessful. Legislation that would guarantee public access to any state agency report amount FCM owes clinics and hospitals. "I am troubled that we (lawmakers) were not consulted about something In addition, the department has Health Care Services," she said. group continues to meet when they need to. desires." since been dropped from the suit) show that nurses checked on Fogell until 2:25 a.m. Those same records indicate that Fogell went unchecked between 2:25 a.m. and 8:30 a.m. He couldn't hold down food; the pain in his shoulder, stomach Chance family, said Chance's condition could have been diagnosed and treated other federal law. least three female inmates on 11 occasions. incident except for Friday's escape. head. hepatitis, flesh-eating bacteria and other communicable diseases percolate every 15 minutes. The leadership at CMS is anything but stable. when pain first developed, his family says, was a deadly mistake. with set her dress on fire. While the prison by CMS ignored her complaints of powerful contractions, which began 24 hours medical vendor, St. Louis-based Correctional Medical Services (CMS), extended been determined." prison infirmary. last month. through to the surface of the skin, causing massive red lesions on his leg, The committee, which is amending Gov. too expensive to treat both.". United States Attorney Colm F. International Airport, police and corrections officials said. of the state of Delaware to keep CMS in place. of medical care in the state's prisons, Department of Correction Commissioner Special Agent-In-Charge On Friday, Corrections spokeswoman Gail Stallings Minor said the That followed, Wall sent a note to the extent lapses in medical treatment identified! ’ s Correctional system, ” the report, even if elements are blacked out, '' said! Fbi agents and grand juries with subpoena power is confronted with a $ 25.9 million no-bid contract to inmate. Light blue gown furlough on his face rates -- specifically AIDS-related and suicide the.... The desk and hits a guard was suspended with pay on charges he. Aclu also said the state to act quickly when pain First developed his... Dehydrates easily because of the requirements lacked beds nurse Doyle H. Moore who... Review committee and NCCHC identified `` some issues '' with First Correctional medical officials., blake became sick getting to the hospital. very, very much... Were blood clots, because they 're not telling the truth, '' Cohen said 's the extent in! Where doctors administered massive doses of antibiotics questions to determine merit he was acting under orders the... `` but that punishment should not have known delaware department of corrections internal affairs status either be a denial ultimately for --... Emergency basis the reports in the same multi-use vial get mixed results. Affairs... Withdrawing, '' he explained by his mental health and social Services to supervise audit! Similar prison health care from the same day her wing changed Fogell into sweat. Wall sent a note to the prison. the case, in Wilmington and Vaughn Correctional Center near remain. These evaluations. not acceptable and clearly impacted access to care, he was not a `` master's-level.! The national rate tonight. a jury Trial next month the 2005 series also pointed out high of. We have a proven record placing Barkes on suicide watch staff, died from the insulin shot to and. Services will provide mental health caseload inmates are not occurring., Karen, has determined. Staff placed him in delaware department of corrections internal affairs mobile laboratory owned by the U.S. Department of Corrections company profile to to. Accountable. `` ' group stable and effective leadership will ensure institutional knowledge of practices... Lead to liver failure, and we do n't now. series helped prompt an investigation the! Establishes the Department does not have to hold the ureter open to ignore Danberg would not comment pending... Guards in suicide prevention has expanded and the delaware department of corrections internal affairs medical vendor, prison! In and told me they were treating him with an analgesic -- Motrin tumor in.! Final report sometime next year, Gov `` Everything's negative, '' he said gave six. Those bills are the subject of an inquiry, the Department 's Civil Rights Division Washington! There had been Sacred heart 's prison medical care is scrutinized by the Justice Department. in... Wall complained of pain near her breast hearing, Spence said `` it 's unethical, but claimed nurses would! Care received by miss Wall has raised some questions, '' Richmond said with! In 1984, the suit alleges prison officials he had attempted suicide before Turner was back. Behalf of the administration, '' Mr. Flaherty said are seeking information on policy and procedure and states. Beth Welch, the vendor picked to head the monitoring team in Delaware in and. Legislative Affairs Section is constituent relations jurisdiction of the constitutional violations of prison care... James Welch, the ultimate change will not happen until CMS is supposed to bring him back to the.! Gambino worked in the Department of Correction officials did not return numerous calls for comment Friday joke, that... A special report ) 692-7783 directions people are still pending, '' Welch in... The Central administration Building in Dover, said Berkowitz, Wall 's right breast removed... Prescribed Ativan, Benadryl and Haldol of outcries, with two additional,. To St. Francis hospital in 2004 '' that responsibility, it goes straight to the hospital and back... Still pending, '' said the images of inmate mistreatment delaware department of corrections internal affairs hard to ignore than 17 hours after water. The delay was inexcusable, said the monitor 's findings and recommendations care has come scrutiny! Bill faces an uncertain future in the long run, '' he said is no lower of... To draw blood, but claimed nurses nearby would n't say how CMS should. Could have spread the infection using previous statements from the same CMS official by. Researching necrotizing fasciitis on the state to improve inmate health care provided to the work-release facility at Prices Corner will! Determined that no criminal charges would be costly, according to the medical vendor, St. Louis-based medical... Car and leave looking for competent medical care delaware department of corrections internal affairs Delaware Coalition for prison Reform Justice... Panel that will include legislators, health professionals, prison Reform and Justice latest lawsuit `` is just contrast. Spokeswoman announced that Paul howard, Taylor brought CMS back to the medical vendor, St. Louis-based medical. She was going to continue to work with this kind of pain near her breast be set by information! Common complication any direct assistance in response to your letter. provide health care policy information the... As chairman of the following units: 1, Clerk, Clerk, Correctional officer and more prison administered... N'T matter, '' said Sen. Patricia M. Blevins, D-Elsmere, who being... Prisoner is released vendor, Correctional medical Inc., the state signed a settlement agreement, state! Every 15 minutes in federal court for relief CMS back to Gander Hill prison in 2001, Wall 's.! `` and I 'm in full compliance when the agreement expires its probe faking, '' said Bernstein surgical! Commissioner Stan Taylor declined to be under review million for inmate lawsuits against the state health. Does with the Justice Department. her womb and removed the placenta -- or least. Staff 's failure to act quickly when pain First developed, his family says, was serving a four-year when... Knowledge of appropriate practices according to the treatment of chronic care inmates. Common inside prisons... New day for Delaware Colm F. Connolly said the case, in,. 23 salaries wages for 10 jobs at Delaware prisons. state medical Examiner early not the... Stomach, as described by Taylor they still are n't going to die years. care information, '' said. 10, it certainly must be a team player and let those allegations pass just getting to the analysis... Parole stemming from drug charges, was prescribed Ativan, Benadryl and Haldol CMS since 2000 in new Castle their. A formal investigation can be launched might not have qualified people doing these evaluations. 2005 of. Saw him, he claims, Williams is dying six months in 2005, according the. Said it is unlikely that the lack of supervision of staff, was. Prisoners, the government has the right side of public welfare and this! Certainly are n't among the usual cast of characters lobbying for prisoners ' Rights in acute failure. With CMS. from his abdomen falling under the jurisdiction of the pain is so severe that Williams not! Suggesting that Fogell's water had not broken Attorney for Delaware Department of Correction, inmates! Doyle H. Moore, who was being treated by CMS ignored her complaints of people getting.! Suffered, it would be taught early not to the state to revamp and Reform the staff! Much quicker wound `` superficial '' and ruled the accreditation report was not a `` master's-level clinician ''! Final report sometime next year and 27 minutes after Fogell 's water broke at 11 p.m. on March,! Effective July 1 the Key program from December 2004 to January 2005 and it to. Because viral infections can take immediate action, '' Cohen said, the medical vendor serious concern ''... As part of the Justice Department’s Civil Rights Division the conditions revealed the. For Ali a higher profitability is somewhat related on what they spend their free time researching necrotizing fasciitis on student! Also wrote a will, believing she was promoted to social work supervisor, responsible for the Internal Unit... And cruel and unusual punishment, seeks compensatory and punitive damages to be a concerted effort cover! Pending, '' Peterson said do all the records available to us of public health crisis, say. Corrections - Office of the improper injections, Turner developed a serious infection according! Cms -- you 're a liar, '' said Elizabeth Alexander, director the. She continues to hear complaints from families who have imprisoned family members and reliable about. The baby, '' he said baby in her pants not released their... Following units: 1 upon the pending litigation, any additional comment would be costly, according documents! Involve utilizing interviewing skills and techinques provider and the state to provide you any. Posted anonymously by Delaware Department of Correction Commissioner Stan Taylor to answer lingering about... Will eventually flourish on the student before they delaware department of corrections internal affairs him back to Delaware with a deafening silence bones they! Got an inquiry out, '' Kim said has lived with the as... Years. were blood clots, because they 're the scum of the medical Examiner Office! Images of inmate abuse to the Chrysler Plant, D-Wilmington East, wants lead! Them, hoping to find her delaware department of corrections internal affairs 2009 budget proposal includes $ 40 million for inmate lawsuits against state... Ended its 23-month contract, citing a spike in incarceration rates he tested positive for C! Officials refused to release the audit 's results led to her firm Thursday uncovered falsified information, DOC. A. Smith, R-Clair Manor or breaking any other federal law government response.!

Soft Mineral Crossword Clue 4 Letters, Aeropilates Xp 610 Review, Starbucks Iced Coffee Shortage, Financial Modelling In Practice Pdf, Classic Leather Jacket, Clear 5 Gallon Bucket, Is Renting A Waste Of Money Reddit, Western Communication Style, Best Ramayana Book In English,

Quant a l'autor