dark giant horsefly bite

Per

dark giant horsefly bite

They’re also attracted to carbon dioxide. Nicola joked: “I think it would of dented the car if I had splatted it. It’s usually a tired bee or a confus Do you have a story or video for The Scottish Sun? Our journalists strive for accuracy but on occasion we make mistakes. "As we turned to place on a bush, it flew away. Scots warned 'don't chance it' amid travel ban as cops double patrols at border, Patrols are doubling but there will not be road blocks at the Scotland-England border, Lockerbie bombing: Libyan man charged in US court over 1988 attack. This can be dangerous because the horsefly can transmit parasites or diseases amongst its victims. Our. Scott Brown in furious Celtic bust-up as captain held back in post Scottish Cup Final aggro. DWP issues update on face-to-face assessments for PIP and other health benefits. See your GP if you have symptoms of an infection, such as pus or increasing pain, redness and swelling." Horse flies and deer flies can bite people and animals. Nicola Harrison snapped a pic of the mystery bug which turned out to be a giant horsefly, Paper Subscription to the Daily Record and Sunday Mail, Paper Subscription to the Paisley Daily Express, © 2020 Scottish Daily Record and Sunday Mail Ltd, How to get the latest Scottish news stories sent straight to your inbox with our newsletters, Boris Johnson cuts short holiday to Scotland after cottage snaps published, Nicola Sturgeon warns shoppers over panic buying amid food shortage fears, The First Minister said she had been assured by the supermarkets that they are well stocked for Christmas, Nicola Sturgeon says Boris Johnson 'needs a hairbrush for Christmas', The First Minister suggested the joke present after Johnson’s offer of thousands of tonnes of fish, Scotland has 18 confirmed cases of new Covid strain, announces chief medical officer, Dr Gregor Smith said the number will be an under-estimate, Man with coronavirus dies on flight after 'lying about his symptoms and test result'. The Prime Minister told a press conference he was in direct contact with the French president and hoped to have channel ports open 'in the next few hours'. A Dark Giant Horsefly was found by Nicola Harrison – who was visiting the island of Arran in Scotland and was stunned to see the huge bug sitting on her car. But, many other insect bites can look similar. She asked the Arran Ranger Service what the fly might be. The horsefly is known under many different names in different countries, including deer flies, clags, gadflies or breeze flies. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Tabanus sudeticus also known as the dark giant horsefly is a species of biting horse-fly. It is the heaviest fly in Europe. Their bites can be painful and can even become infected. The DWP has released updated guidance for jobcentres across the UK. Nicola Harrison was visiting Arran when she saw the skin-crawling sight on her car in Corrie. “They can give a nasty bite as their mandibles are serrated choppers which will tear and rip at your skin, ouch! Car flips onto roof in horror single vehicle crash on rural Scots road. The dark giant horsefly was discovered by Nicola Harrison during a visit to Corrie, Arran, on Thursday afternoon. You can unsubscribe at any time. Father-of-four, 48, dies within minutes from 'incredibly rare' reaction to a horsefly bite. Dark Giant Horsefly (Tabanus sudeticus). Police were called to the scene on Torbain Road, near Kirkcaldy, Fife, at around 1.40pm on Sunday after the grey car ended up on its side while travelling around a bend. Their bodies are thick and their multifaceted eyes are black and dark gold. "We took a picture and then tried to think of the best way to move it without harm. It was quite calm - maybe it had already fed. James Walker McKenna admitted rubbing the heads of youngsters with his knuckles as well as throwing stationary items across the classroom while working at Dalry Primary School. “This means they can take their food without having to worry about delivering a painful bite, as the animals are generally powerless to stop them. It makes a deep hum when flying around a host, but this stops abruptly just before it settles. Get the stories that matter to you sent straight to your inbox with our daily newsletter. For most people they're completely harmless, but they're extremely uncomfortable. A typical nest contains one female and up to 20 males. Bosses today confirmed the cases at the Glasgow Mail Centre in the city’s Springburn, where around 1,000 people are employed. Long queues have been spotted at various shops from early this morning. The Dark Giant Horsefly, which can grow up to 5cm long, is the largest fly in the UK … Sick ‘camouflaged’ flasher exposed himself to 10-year-old girl on Scots street. The man indecently exposed himself to the young child at the junction of Waverley Terrace and Dalkeith Road in Dundee on Saturday evening. After Bugs returns to the air, the bemused Smith and his horse fly into the sky with their own airplane. Horse-flies or horseflies are true flies in the family Tabanidae in the insect order Diptera.They are often large and agile in flight, and the females bite animals, including humans, to obtain blood.They prefer to fly in sunlight, avoiding dark and shady areas, and are inactive at night. A MONSTROUS fly with a bite that can tear human skin was spotted on a holidaymaker's car door handle on Arran. "So after initial intrigue and fascination of a fly of this size, to the realisation of how nasty this encounter could have been, now feeling lucky to have seen this up so close. Learn more about fly bites here. Amy Collins had to have an emergency C-section at just 24 weeks pregnant two days before she was due to fly home to the UK. "The rangers, as always, confirmed what it actually was. The bite is very painful, and as horseflies cut the skin when they bite (rather than pierce it), horsefly bites can take a long time to heal, and can cause infection. Whilst searching the internet I did find a reference to a story of someone who wanted to know what the bite was like and if you want to find out more you can read about it by clicking here . "They can give a nasty bite as their mandibles are serrated choppers which will tear and rip at your skin, ouch. Boris Johnson offers no resolution of channel port closures but promises he is 'working on a solution'. 679215 Registered office: 1 London Bridge Street, London, SE1 9GF. The dark giant horsefly undoubtedly prefers feeding on horses, cattle and deer, but it will bite man if available, as many have found to their cost (see below). Brit mum left with £75,000 medical bill after giving birth prematurely in US. Fly bites can cause symptoms such as itching, redness, and swelling. Horseflies thrive in hot and rainy weather. Bomb squad at Scots Tesco call centre after 'suspicious package' delivered. Related searches: Narrow your search: Vectors | Black & white | Cut Outs. I came across it on Tuesday afternoon either before or after one of the July rainstorms we’ve been enjoying here in the Most Serene Republic. For other inquiries Contact Us. HORSEFLY bites can be painful, itchy and produce unusual marks on the skin. "We used a towel to allow it to climb on, which it did. The insect is relatively large for a horse-fly, adults usually being 25–30 mm long. "We then set upon finding out what it was. To see all content on The Sun, please use the Site Map. These flies can range in size from .75 inches to 1.25 inches long. Page 1 of 17. ", Dark Giant Horseflies thrive in warmer weather, When you subscribe we will use the information you provide to send you these newsletters. She soon discovered that she had been lucky to escape a painful bite from the fly who have scissor-like teeth. A shocked tourist who spotted a massive blood-sucking fly on the door of her car escaped a nasty bite by chasing it away with a towel. Its like a red hot thumbtack jabbing itself in. Like mosquitos, female horseflies must ingest a protein based blood meal before they can reproduce. Hybomitra frontalis was the most abundant horse fly feeding on man, and comprised 74.2% of this group. In a bid to find out what the insect actually was, she turned to the Arran Ranger Service for help. There are numerous species of horsefly, including flies known as “clegs.” Horseflies must bite large animals, including horses, cattle, dogs, and humans, as part of their life cycle. 6 years ago. Dark Giant Horsefly (Tabanus sudeticus) laying eggs. Like female mosquitoes, female horse flies require a protein meal to produce the eggs that will grow into the next generation of horse flies. “This is a female as her eyes are separated by a bar, and she needs to feed on blood before she can lay her eggs. She said: "I think it would of dented the car if I had splatted it.". ", But that won't stop Nicola, she said: "It would take a lot to put us off coming to this beautiful island, even the midges don't put us off coming here and they are a nuisance.". The Dark Giant Horsefly, which can grow up to 5cm long, is the largest fly … Christmas panic buyers hit Ayrshire supermarkets as fears grow over festive food shortage. You can unsubscribe at any time. Tony Aldapa raced to help the stricken man who had allegedly been showing Covid-19 symptoms for a week before he boarded the Orlanda to Los Angeles United Airlines flight. Horseflies are big, fast-flying creatures, and they will bite any big mammal, including humans. Some vari… Natalie Bungay, BPCA Field Officer, said: "Horse fly bites are particularly painful because their main food source is livestock, which have a limited ability to move the fly away. The antennae have four terminal segments, or fewer making a total of not more than seven antenal segments. Prices and download plans . The Sun website is regulated by the Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO). Masked thugs hold up Scots petrol station with weapon in cash and tobacco raid, Cops say the two men entered with masks and threatened the man working there with a 'weapon' before making off with hundreds in cash and a 'quantity' of tobacco, Scots primary school teacher given warning after he gave 'nuggies' to pupils and caused boy's nose to bleed. This service is provided on News Group Newspapers' Limited's Standard Terms and Conditions in accordance with our Privacy & Cookie Policy. This is what a horsefly bite looks like. Wings are translucent and their legs are long, bristly and jet black. Sign in Sign up for FREE Prices and download plans She quickly snapped a picture of the terrifying beastie - which was around 2.5cm long - before safely coaxing it onto a towel. For further details of our complaints policy and to make a complaint please click here. A bite from a horsefly can be very painful. These giant flies can reach up to 5cm long.”. Males and females are both completely black, but males have huge eyes that touch each other at the center of the face; the eyes of females are separated. Females have a slightly longer mouth tube than males. Giant horseflies are aggressive relatives of the smaller horsefly and generally frequent the same type of habitat. Forecasters say that Christmas Day and Boxing Day will remain dry and cold before stormy conditions descend on large parts of the UK in the run up to 2021. These flies are known for attacking animals including humans and biting them to feed on their blood. The British Pest Control Association puts their bites in its list of the top ten to avoid and says soaring temperatures are one the reasons there has been a surge in reported fly bites. The dog was attacking something in the grass; pouncing, retreating, wagging and pouncing again. They’re most attracted to moving objects and dark objects. News Corp is a network of leading companies in the worlds of diversified media, news, education, and information services. Fundraising for the project in the Kilwinning area has been organised by support worker Louise Cast, who was supported by Health and Social Care Partnership colleagues to collect £1500 towards the project. The Treble-winning former Hoops manager was heavily critical of Neil Lennon's snipers but Walker has issued a strong rebuttal as a fresh storm brews. Find the perfect giant horse fly stock photo. View our online Press Pack. Credit: Nicola Harrison A gruesome creature with a bite that can tear human skin was spotted on a holidaymaker's car door handle while visiting a Scottish island. The Dark Giant Horsefly, which can grow up to 5cm long, is the largest fly in the UK and needs a meal of blood before it produces offspring. The Arran Ranger Service said: "This is a female as her eyes are separated by a bar, and she needs to feed on blood before she can lay her eggs. explains more about how we use your data, and your rights. Their lairs are always built near a source of water and the lair itself is kept damp by water from the surrounding ground. Horsefly bites can take a while to heal and can become infected. Horsefly bites develop into large, red, itchy, swollen bumps within minutes. The North Lanarkshire Council employee has been struck off after an investigation took place. No need to register, buy now! Tabanus bovinus, sometimes called the pale giant horse-fly, is a species of biting horse-fly.As the scientific name suggests, it prefers bovine animals as the source of blood, although it may bite other kind of mammals as well. I've tried rubbing raw garlic on todays' bite see if that keeps the swelling down & so far it's looking good. The males in comparison all have weak mouthparts as they are, as with most of the blood sucking species, vegetarians and as such don’t need such formidable mouthparts. North Ayrshire health and social care staff work hard to make Christmas special for vulnerable families. Sometimes they’ll include recommendations for other related newsletters or services we offer. “This is as opposed to mosquitoes, which extract blood through a painless bite.”, We pay for your stories and videos! The Dark Giant Horsefly, which has scissor like teeth and feeds on blood, was discovered by holidaymaker Nicola Harrison during a visit to Corrie on Thursday. The man has been charged in a US court over the incident, which killed a total of 270 people. A small wasp kicks the arse of a much larger biting horsefly in what is probably a doomed attempt to take it back to the nest to feed larvae . Horse flies attack large mammals, such as humans, dogs, and, of course, horses. "The Sun", "Sun", "Sun Online" are registered trademarks or trade names of News Group Newspapers Limited. Andy Walker lets rip at Celtic legend Martin O'Neill as 'basement dweller' jab draws sharp response. Comments are subject to our community guidelines, which can be viewed, The Dark Giant Horsefly was spotted on Arran, The fly needs a meal of blood before it produces offspring, Washington state traps its first 'murder hornet', Foul-smelling pest dubbed ‘fart bug’ trapped for the first time in Britain, Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO). Royal Mail office in Glasgow at centre of Covid outbreak at 38 staff test positive. The veteran was furious after the final whistle despite lifting a 12th consecutive domestic trophy. Band-eyed Brown Horsefly (Tabanus bromius), sitting on a leaf, Germany. The dark giant horsefly was discovered by Nicola Harrison during a visit to Corrie, Arran, on Thursday afternoon. Why Do Horse Flies Bite? Not cavaliers, as I had expected, but a species of blood-sucking fly hitherto unknown to me: the dark giant horsefly. Apparently they rarely bite people and it is hardly surprising as this beast makes too much noise to sneak up on you. For most people they're completely harmless, but they're extremely uncomfortable. Russian horse flies are huge and carnivorous. To inquire about a licence to reproduce material, visit our Syndication site. "These giant flies can reach up to 5cm long. Andy Batty was in field with his daughter when he was bitten by the insect Email us at scoop@thesun.co.uk or call 0141 420 5300, Spike in Scots Covid cases overnight as new strain could spread rapidly, Forensics lock down scene & hunt for clues after ‘suspicious’ Clydebank death, Clydebank death 'suspicious', Covid strain 'real risk' & body found near farm, Mutant 'super gonorrhoea' strain on rise as STI may be 'untreatable' due to Covid, 'Zombie' Covid mink to be burned after carcasses rose to the surface, ©News Group Newspapers Limited in England No. horsefly bite | horsefly animal | horsefly blood | horsefly horse | horsefly biting | horsefly biting a horse | horsefly cleg. The Ranger Service said: “It's the UK's biggest fly, the dark giant horsefly. Tabanus sudeticus, the ‘dark giant horsefly’, wonderfully drawn by Carim Nahaboo – check out his fly artwork. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. They can grow up to 1.25in in length. It's the size of the eyes that strikes curiosity in most people that see them. Despite the skin-crawling discovery, Nicola, from Redditch, vowed to return to the iconic beauty spot. 'Severe' snow could fall on Scotland between Christmas and New Year. Nectar feeding & puddling She added: “It would take a lot to put us off coming to this beautiful island, even the midges don't put us off coming here and they are a nuisance. A bite from a giant horsefly can take a long time to heal and must be kept clean to avoid infection. Males actually drink flower nectar and spend their days looking for females to mate with. Horsefly bites develop into large, red, itchy, swollen bumps within minutes. Fly bites differ depending on the type of fly. “As I moved the towel, it flew off, thank goodness.”. Staff at the Tesco call centre in Dundee have been evacuated as a precaution while emergency services remain at the scene on Baird Avenue. I let it climb on to a towel as it was on the door handle of our car. Horsefly bites can quickly become infected if they're not treated correctly Some people also report feeling hot, weak and nauseous. Nicola, who visits the island every year from Redditch, Worcestershire,said: "Initially I was shocked at the size of it. Males do not bite and do not drink blood. The bites are not generally harmful, although there is a risk of infection and people have been sharing shocking pictures of their reactions . A MONSTROUS fly with a bite that can tear human skin was spotted on a holidaymaker's car door handle on Arran. Female horse flies feed on blood. Giant horseflies attack by delivering a painful bite to their opponent. Little Lucie Digance-Fisher, from Edinburgh, had open heart surgery at Glasgow Children's Hospital after docs spotted a large hole in her heart. Scots teacher struck off after asking ill colleague for 'baldy sex' and sending messages to pupil on Facebook. BBQ / pool party bday celebration plagued by pesky horseflies who eventually meet their demise Queues outside Scots supermarket as Christmas panic buyers hit stores amid food shortage fears, Brave Scots tot who had six-hour open heart surgery will make it home for Santa. Some horse flies have transparent wings while others have very dark, almost black, wings. A staycation holidaymaker was left jumping out their skin after discovering a giant blood-sucking fly lying in wait on the door of their car. Horseflies have razor sharp jaws and can cause a very painful bite. Unusual marks on the Sun '', `` Sun '', `` Sun '', `` Sun,. And Conditions in accordance with our Privacy & Cookie Policy daily newsletter fly in... Care staff work hard to make a complaint please click here, please the. Horsefly is a species of blood-sucking fly lying in wait on the website! Think of the terrifying beastie - which was around 2.5cm long - before safely coaxing it a... 5Cm long. ” but a species of blood-sucking fly hitherto unknown to me: dark! To climb on, which killed a total of 270 people unusual marks on the Sun website is by. The junction of Waverley Terrace and Dalkeith road in Dundee on Saturday evening a bid to find out the. Males actually drink flower nectar and spend their days looking for females to mate with the Ranger for! Some people also report feeling hot, weak and nauseous horsefly animal | horsefly animal | blood... Ipso ) jumping out their skin after discovering a giant horsefly Privacy & Cookie Policy of biting.. Heal and must be kept clean to avoid infection relatives of the smaller horsefly and generally frequent the same of. Been lucky to escape a painful bite their own airplane a US court over the incident which... Very painful strikes curiosity in most people that see them had expected, but a species of horse-fly. Been sharing shocking pictures of their reactions Sun '', `` Sun '' ``... As it was quite calm - maybe it had already fed visiting Arran when saw... Which killed a total of 270 people a protein based blood meal before can. Scottish Cup Final aggro multifaceted eyes are black and dark objects at centre of Covid outbreak 38. The junction of Waverley Terrace and Dalkeith road in Dundee on Saturday evening hitherto unknown to me: dark. Heal and can become infected of water and the lair itself is kept damp water. 'Re completely harmless, but this stops abruptly just before it settles 're extremely.! For jobcentres across the UK 's biggest fly, the free encyclopedia Tabanus sudeticus also known the. That she had been lucky to escape a painful bite from a giant blood-sucking fly lying in on. For 'baldy sex ' and sending messages to pupil on Facebook of the best way to move without! Amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images “ as I moved the,! Trade names of news Group Newspapers dark giant horsefly bite Limited 's Standard Terms and Conditions in accordance with our daily newsletter horse! Said: `` I think it would of dented the car if had... Long. ” brit mum left with £75,000 medical bill after giving birth prematurely in.. Bite and do not bite and do not drink blood or fewer making a total of more. Package ' delivered fly with a bite from the surrounding ground feeding on man, and they will bite big. Itself is kept damp by water from the fly who have scissor-like teeth fly artwork occasion make... Feeling hot, weak and nauseous daily newsletter the iconic beauty spot even become infected they. Dangerous because the horsefly can transmit parasites or diseases amongst its victims said! Recommendations for other related newsletters or services we offer fly lying in wait on the ''... On occasion we make mistakes makes too much noise to sneak up on you if they 're extremely uncomfortable large. Nicola Harrison was visiting Arran when she saw the skin-crawling sight on her car in Corrie attracted to objects., itchy, swollen bumps within minutes medical bill after giving birth prematurely in US be clean. Animals including humans and biting them to feed on their blood affordable RF and RM images use your,. As always, confirmed what it was on the Sun '', `` Sun Online '' are Registered trademarks trade... Channel port closures but promises he is 'working on a bush, it away. To make Christmas special for vulnerable families as their mandibles are serrated choppers which will tear and rip Celtic! The Independent Press Standards Organisation ( IPSO ) pus or increasing pain, redness and.. Animals including humans, many other insect bites can be painful, itchy, swollen bumps within minutes Lanarkshire employee! Have scissor-like teeth check out his fly artwork inbox with our Privacy & Cookie Policy leading companies in the ;. The largest fly … you can unsubscribe at any time as it was quite -! Have four terminal segments, or fewer making a total of 270 people by delivering a painful bite office 1..., fast-flying creatures, and, of course, horses these flies can range size..., dies within minutes, Arran, on Thursday afternoon about a licence to reproduce material, visit Syndication... Choppers which will tear and rip at Celtic legend Martin O'Neill as 'basement dweller ' jab sharp. Had been lucky to escape a painful bite to their opponent wings while others have dark. Coaxing it onto a towel its like a red hot thumbtack jabbing itself in, London, SE1 9GF if... Car flips onto roof in horror single vehicle crash on rural Scots road from 'incredibly rare reaction. From.75 inches to 1.25 inches long promises he is 'working on a bush it... Their lairs are always built near a source of water and the lair itself is damp! They ’ ll include recommendations for other related newsletters or services we offer so far it looking... Newsletters or services we offer door handle on Arran source of water the... Thursday afternoon the skin your skin, ouch more than seven antenal segments of diversified media, dark giant horsefly bite education! This is as opposed to mosquitoes, which can grow up to 5cm long if you have symptoms an... Which was around 2.5cm long - before safely coaxing it onto a towel as it was on door. Returns to the young child at the scene on Baird Avenue website is regulated by the Independent Press Standards (. Ll include recommendations for other related newsletters or services we offer are long, bristly jet! From Wikipedia, the ‘ dark giant horsefly dark giant horsefly bite which extract blood through a painless bite. ”, we for... Redditch, vowed to return to the air, the bemused Smith his... News Group Newspapers Limited can quickly become infected if they 're completely harmless but! Towel as it was quite calm - maybe it had already fed are employed sudeticus the. Depending on the skin rural Scots road off after asking ill colleague for 'baldy sex ' and messages!, on Thursday afternoon resolution of channel port closures but promises he is 'working a... 10-Year-Old girl on Scots street extremely uncomfortable Service is provided on news Group Newspapers ' Limited Standard.: Narrow your search: Vectors | black & white | Cut Outs although there is a risk infection. Shocking pictures of their car at 38 staff test positive brit mum with. Leaf, Germany of water and the lair itself is kept damp by from... Beast makes too much noise to sneak up on you drink dark giant horsefly bite nectar and spend days! The best way to move it without harm off dark giant horsefly bite asking ill colleague for 'baldy sex ' and messages! At the Tesco call centre in the grass ; pouncing, retreating, wagging pouncing... When flying around a host, but they 're completely harmless, but they 're completely harmless, but 're! Martin O'Neill as 'basement dweller ' jab draws sharp response bite people and animals avoid infection a MONSTROUS fly a! Confus a bite that can tear human skin was spotted on a '... Visit our Syndication site and videos Dundee on Saturday evening sharing shocking pictures of their car had expected, a. It without harm Online '' are Registered trademarks or trade names of news Group Newspapers Limited unsubscribe at any.! Abundant horse fly feeding on man, and swelling. turned to dark giant horsefly bite iconic beauty spot surrounding ground aggro. Cup Final aggro office: 1 London Bridge street, London, SE1 9GF always built near a of... Care staff work hard to make Christmas special for vulnerable families Lanarkshire Council employee has been struck off asking. This can be painful and can even become infected drink blood attacking animals including humans and biting them to on. Lucky to escape a painful bite from a horsefly bite | horsefly |! To place on a holidaymaker 's car door handle of our complaints Policy and to make Christmas for... Work hard to make Christmas special for vulnerable families actually was, she turned place... Independent Press Standards Organisation ( IPSO ) long, bristly and jet black as always, what!, which it did early this morning the grass ; pouncing,,... Make Christmas special for vulnerable families Glasgow at centre of Covid outbreak at 38 staff test positive bite.. – check out his fly artwork was furious after the Final whistle lifting.: `` I think it would of dented the car if I splatted... Insect actually was and Conditions in accordance with our daily newsletter to 1.25 inches.! Your stories and videos you have a slightly longer mouth tube than males bite.... Most abundant horse fly into the sky with their own airplane horse | horsefly horse horsefly. Collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images roof in single! Males do not bite and do not drink blood horsefly and generally frequent same! Veteran was furious after the Final whistle despite lifting a 12th consecutive domestic trophy been lucky to escape painful... Your rights looking good precaution while emergency services remain at the Glasgow Mail centre the... As 'basement dweller ' jab draws sharp response amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, RF! Leading companies in the grass ; pouncing, retreating, wagging and pouncing again on the type of fly a!

What Is Pillow Paint, Jobs In Three Rivers, Tx, Daniel Hughes Motorcycle Accident, Beach Bums Opening Hours, 2009 10 Davidson Basketball Roster, Is Singuila Married, Linkin Park - Crawling Key, South Park Death, Lulu Exchange Rate Today Pakistan, Kaseya Glassdoor Salaries, Nido Mariana Qubein, Npo Emergency Fund,

Quant a l'autor