She’s going to learn it, by golly, there’s no stopping her. Repeat the learning task in different settings. Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. A Cross Disability: Visual Impairment and Autism. of specific disabilities will affect an individual child. It outlines her Active Learning Approach and explains the importance of the learning environment for childen with visual impairments and multiple disabilities. Center for Parent Information and Resources c/o Statewide Parent Advocacy Network (SPAN) 35 Halsey St., 4th Floor Newark, NJ 07102 (973) 642-8100 Keyboards with specialized interfaces to support users with fine motor difficulties 3. iPads and similar devices with apps designed for tex… Strategies for teaching literacy skills to children who are blind or visually impaired with additional disabilities, including deafblindness (CPRC). Find your PTI and/or CPRC, at: Partial participation means that students with multiple disabilities aren’t excluded from activities because they might not be able to complete a task fully or independently. The more you know, the more you can help yourself and your child. 175 North Beacon Street The site includes discussion of Active Learning principles, assessment, implementation, materials, equipment, and other events and resources. Make modifications. Do your child’s disabilities affect his or her intellectual functioning? Visit the Family Center on Technology and Disability to learn more about which AT devices may be useful to a given student: To access early intervention services in your area, ask your child’s pediatrician for a referral. Encourage the student’s independence. (3). As a result, she has an intellectual disability, problems with mobility, and a speech impairment that makes it hard to understand what she’s saying. how each disability can affect learning and daily living. For a child who cannot speak, or for whom physical movement is very difficult, there are quite a few available options. As a leading authority in child development, the ACA works to preserve, promote, and improve the camp experience. These include:3 1. Multiple disabilities… …means concomitant [simultaneous] impairments (such as intellectual disability-blindness, intellectual disability-orthopedic impairment, etc. “Major life activities” include activities such as: Are any of these major life activities a challenge for the child because of his or her disabilities? Resources National Rehabilitation Resource Center website includes resources for educators, persons who work with persons with disabilities and researchers wishing to learn more about disabilities. This product is public domain. Visit the Family Center on Technology and Disability to learn more about which AT devices may be useful to your child: With some children, however, the cause is known. The Perkins Assistive Device Center is a workshop that creates customized materials for children with disabilities. Share your unique knowledge of who your son or daughter is; advocate that the program address your child’s needs. This overview of Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD) includes information about sensory-avoiding children and sensory-seeking children, as well a list of common motor skill problems. In addition to blindness or visual impairment, a child may have additional disabilities, such as cognitive, developmental, hearing, or mobility impairments. This is an excerpt from Dr. Lilli Nielsen's book, Early Learning Step by Step. Other causes can include: Whatever the cause, the result is that the child has multiple disabilities. https://www.parentcenterhub.org/evaluation/. https://disabilities-informational-resources.weebly.com/multiple-disabilities.html, Watson, S. (2019, February). The braille section of the Paths to Literacy site offers an overview, instructional strategies, pre-braille, tactile graphics, technology for braille readers, sources of print/braille books, tools for writing braille, braille production, and brailler repair. Related services may include speech-language therapy, occupational therapy, physical therapy, or orientation and mobility services. To access special education services for a school-aged child with multiple disabilities, get in touch with your local school system. Now in preschool, Sharon receives special education services. Help for children with multiple disabilities, Supporting children with multiple disabilities, https://www.parentcenterhub.org/new-to-disability/, https://www.parentcenterhub.org/notalone/, https://www.parentcenterhub.org/ei-overview/, https://www.parentcenterhub.org/schoolage/, https://www.parentcenterhub.org/specific-disabilities/, https://www.parentcenterhub.org/evaluation/, https://www.parentcenterhub.org/parentgroups/, https://www.parentcenterhub.org/find-your-center/, https://www.parentcenterhub.org/accommodations/, https://www.parentcenterhub.org/modifications-personnel/, https://www.parentcenterhub.org/iep-relatedservices/, https://www.parentcenterhub.org/behavior/, https://www.parentcenterhub.org/transitionadult/, http://www.cde.state.co.us/cdesped/SSN.asp, http://ectacenter.org/topics/atech/atech.asp, https://disabilities-informational-resources.weebly.com/multiple-disabilities.html, https://www.thoughtco.com/multiple-disabilities-3111125, http://specialed.about.com/od/physicaldisabilities/a/severe.htm, Poor development of the brain or spinal cord. That doesn’t stop Sharon from chattering, though. intellectual disability and blindness; and. Bear in mind that it’s hard to say how a combination of specific disabilities will affect an individual child. So is the student! It’s also important to know: There are many fact sheets on disability available here at the Center for Parent Information and Resources. While permission to reprint material from this website is not necessary, the citation should be: Center for Parent Information and Resources (retrieval date). 4.Arthritis, paralysed body/parts. http://www.p2pusa.org/. Team with the professionals working with your child. Title of the document, Newark, NJ, Author. This evaluation is free of charge to families. Along with multiple disabilities, they can also exhibit sensory losses as well as behavior and/or social problems. Multiple disabilities, by its very name, means an individual usually has more than one significant disability, such as movement difficulties, sensory loss, and/or a behavior or emotional disorder. Choice boards, which allow the student to choose from a small number of pictures on a board, are another effective means of communication. (This is a scanned document and is not accessible to screen readers.). For example, Sharon’s disabilities were caused by a lack of oxygen at birth. A child who has more than one disability is said to have multiple disabilities. Know your child’s needs, play to his or her strengths. We offer a Para page, which paraprofessionals may also find useful, at: What caused the disabilities? Skip to content http://www.cde.state.co.us/cdesped/SSN.asp, Goode, S. Also find out more about the student’s strengths and interests, enthusiasms, and preferences. AAC and other adaptive If you have a student with multiple disabilities in your class, chances are that he or she has an individualized education program (IEP). Take your child places, read together, have fun. Computers, augmentative/alternative communication systems, and communication boards are just some examples of helpful AT. Learn to understand and be comfortable with using each one. On this blog, I’ll post news about the groups and the organization I hope to eventually form and any products or other resources I find that might be helpful if you live with multiple disabilities. If so, he or she will be slower to learn new things and will have difficulty applying that learning in new situations. Retrieved January 4, 2013 from: The American Camp Association is a community of camp professionals who ensure the quality of camp programs. For example, if the teacher is reviewing concepts of money, take your child to the supermarket with you to help keep track of what money you’re spending. We’ll tell you how in a moment. A child may be found eligible for special education and related services as a child with multiple disabilities if there is an adverse effect on the child's educational performance due to documented characteristics of multiple disabilities which are described as simultaneous impairments (Such as intellectual disability with blindness, … NFB offers many braille-related programs through its Jernigan Institute, including the Braille Certification Training Program for people who want to become braille transcribers. Students with multiple disabilities may have reduced capabilities in the areas of cognitive skills, motor skills, functioning skills, life skills, some motor skills problems, hearing impairments, and language and speech … These services may be provided on a sliding-fee basis. In fact, more than 8,000 children in preschool (ages 3-5) received special education and related services in the U.S. in the Fall of 2011 because of their multiple disabilities. Don’t let the labels get you down. The team also talks about Sharon’s challenges and how to address them. ), the combination of which causes such severe educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in special education programs solely for one of the impairments. Another child may have cerebral palsy and autism. An Educational Curriculum for Deaf-Blind Multi-Handicapped Persons. These can be used to motivate the student and enrich the education he or she receives. c/o Statewide Parent Advocacy Network (SPAN) Modifications can be made to the task itself or to how students participate. This resource can be sent directly to parents to help them conduct water play sessions that focus on developing communication and language skills, motor skills, mathematical and scientific knowledge. Recommend because: It provides tips and resources for teachers that may not know how to correctly and fairly include students with Multiple Disabilities into a … Activities and Resources for Students with MultipleDisabilities: Here you'll find literacy ideas specific to kids who are blind or visually impaired with additional disabilities, including developmental delay, physical challenges, and deafblindness. https://www.parentcenterhub.org/notalone/, When children have multiple disabilities, they are often eligible for the type of help that Sharon, our story girl, is receiving. A project developed between Penrickton Center for the Blind in Michigan, Perkins School for the Blind, and the Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired provides resources and a community of practice around the work of Dr. Lilli Nielsen and Active Learning. Look for social opportunities in the community (such as Scouts) or activities offered through the department of sports and leisure. Joining in and taking part will help your child develop social skills and have fun. Not surprisingly, these are the areas where Sharon needs extensive support. Multiple disabilities… …means concomitant [simultaneous] impairments (such as intellectual disability-blindness, intellectual disability-orthopedic impairment, etc. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is a law, or statute, authorizing: formula grants to states; discretionary grants to state educational agencies, institutions of higher education, and other nonprofit organizations; Search IDEA Statute It’s best practice to provide these services in the classroom during the natural routine of the school, although some may be provided in other settings. Tips for working with students with severe handicaps: Severe handicaps in the inclusional setting. Multiple disabilities is a term for a person with a combination of disabilities, for instance, someone with both a sensory disability and a motor disability.Additionally, in the United States, it is a special education classification under which students are eligible for services through the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, or IDEA. They can also give you information about disabilities, the educational rights of your child, or strategies for being an effective advocate for your child. Having multiple disabilities means that a person has more than one disability. Stacy Shafer outlines some of Dr. Lilli Nielsen's recommendations for designing a learning environment for a child with visual impairments and multiple disabilities. A major focus of instruction is on developing communication skills. Find out what your child is learning at school. Other parents can be a fountain of practical advice and emotional support. Be familiar with the student’s IEP. https://www.parentcenterhub.org/accommodations/, Let the IEP team know what program supports or modifications you need. Statute. Learning more about each disability of the student will be helpful in addressing those learning needs. Watertown, MA 02472, Perkins-Roman CVI Range© Endorsees Directory, Contact Perkins eLearningVisit Perkins.org, Sign up for email updates Subscribe Follow Us, In Touch, 2008, New England Consortium of Deafblind Projects, Future Reflections, 2004, National Federation of the Blind (NFB), National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness (NCDB), International Council for the Education of People with Visual Impairment (ICEVI), Future Reflections, 2005, National Federation of the Blind (NFB), New Mexico School for the Blind and Visually Impaired, International Council for Education of People with Visual Impairment (ICEVI). Many people with visual impairments also have undiagnosed autism characteristics. The O & M Goal Bank with Data Sheets is designed to be a resource for Orientation and Mobility instructors to create appropriate goals for students, including those with multiple disabilities. Reproduced by Duxbury, Inc., world leader in software for braille and braille translation. Multiple disabilities means concomitant impairments (such as intellectual disability-blindness, intellectual disability-orthopedic impairment, etc. Table B1-2. For babies and toddlers | When a baby is born with multiple disabilities, his or her parents should know that there’s a lot of help available—and immediately. Low Incidence Special Education Programs are designated educational programs for students who are determined to require Life Skills Support or Multiple Disabilities Support. Multiple Disabilities 34 CFR §300.8 Child with a disability 19 TAC §89.1040. http://www.fctd.info, Does the student need textbooks in another format? Users may post content, and there is also a forum for questions and answers related to braille literacy. Investigate assistive technology (AT). Offer help when it’s needed and praise when things go well. In fact, those educational needs must be severe enough that they cannot be addressed by providing special education services for only one of the impairments. This is a very brief overview of the evaluation process under IDEA. Multiple Disabilities Programs are included in regular school buildings with many students participating with their peers in appropriate classes and school activities. Rockville, MD: Author. In this PowerPoint presentation, Dr. Mary Zatta talks about bringing a student's educational plan into alignment with state's curricular requirements, with specific examples from the Massachusetts Curriculum Frameworks. Denver, CO: Author. Online at: The charts in this 6-page document by Marilyn and Jay Gense compare typical development, development of children who are blind or visually impaired, and children who have autism as well as visual impairments. the educational or developmental needs resulting from those disabilities. In this section, families and educators will find introductions to the educational needs of these students, as well as best practice and policy overviews. Sharon is an active five year old who loves to spend time with her grandmother. Significant support needs. Be concrete. Find your PTI and/or CPRC, at: 5 Steps to Working with Your School Board, Multiple disabilities aren’t all the same. ), the combination of which causes such severe educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in special education programs … ), the combination of which causes such severe educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in a special education program solely for one of the impairments. Without AT, there may be many tasks they simply cannot do or will have difficulty doing. In this 11-page document, Sam Morgan describes biobehavioral states and explains why they are important when working with students with profound disabilities. The answer will help parents and involved professionals decide what types of supports and services the child needs now and in the future. The term multiple disabilities is general and broad. This website was produced under U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs No. But her parents also know how determined Sharon can be when she’s learning something new. You can also call the local hospital’s maternity ward or pediatric ward, and ask for the contact information of the local early intervention program. which individual disabilities are involved; how severe (or moderate or mild) each disability is; and. Be there. Informal Functional Hearing Evaluation (IFHE) https://www.parentcenterhub.org/transitionadult/, Colorado Department of Education. Have you recently learned that your child has multiple disabilities? With visual and multiple abilities come new challenges and new solutions. TASH International membership organization that advocates for people with disabilities to attain involvement in all aspects of life. The federal definition of multiple disabilities gives two examples of possible combinations of disabilities: But these are just examples. If so, you may find it helpful to read two articles on this website: New to disability? Keep in mind his or her age, mental capacity, attention span, and abilities. If not, it’s important to be familiar with what the student’s IEP requires. They sit down often with the preschool staff and talk about Sharon’s progress. To learn more about this vital step, read Evaluating Children for Disability, at: As you can see, there’s more to IDEA’s definition of multiple disabilities than having more than one impairment or disability. Give feedback immediately. Every student with multiple disabilities presents a unique educational challenge. Each student with multiple disabilities will have his or her own set of skills, strengths, and learning needs. Children with multiple disabilities will have a combination of various disabilities that may include issues with: speech, physical mobility, learning, mental retardation, sight, hearing, brain injury, and possibly others. Autism Spectrum Disorder in Learners with Blindness/Visual Impairment: Comparison of Characteristics. Be concrete; give lots of hands-on opportunities for learning and practice. https://www.parentcenterhub.org/new-to-disability/, You are not alone Resources are available in English and Spanish. Some students with multiple disabilities will require the support of an aide or paraprofessional. This will help them access the general education curriculum at a grade-appropriate level. (2012, August). It’s natural to want to help a student who’s struggling to do a task single-handedly, especially when you know there’s a disability involved. ), read the special education information available on this website, beginning at: Be patient, be hopeful. [§300.8(c)(7)]. Responsible for content: The Vanderbilt Kennedy Center for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities. Love and play with your child. When she was just a baby, she began receiving special services called early intervention. Generally, their disability can be a combination of severe disabilities or a sole impairment. ), the combination of which causes such severe educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in a special education program solely for one of the … H328R180005. (2) More than 125,000 school-aged children did, too. (973) 642-8100. Rockville, MD: Author. Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader. Ask for a copy. So it’s important to know your state’s definition of multiple disabilities. They can also give you information about disabilities, the educational rights of your child, or strategies for being an effective advocate for your child. Most children with multiple disabilities will need some level of help and support throughout their lives. Multiple disabilities does not include … You may have been part of the team that developed the IEP. Active Learning and the Blind, Multiply Disabled Child. All have multiple disabilities—but oh, such different ones! Repeat the learning task in different settings. Most causes of multiple disabilities are the result something that happened while the child was a developing fetus (malnutrition, the mother's alcohol consumption or the mother's exposure to unsafe environmental conditions or illness, genetic conditions, or chromosomal abnormalities). Nancy Duncan discusses the importance of identifying and delivering appropriate rehabilitation services for individuals. Authors Perla and Ducret explain how the design of an O&M program for students with multiple disabilities should start with understanding the child's most basic needs, such as communication, safety, independence, and consistency. That will depend on the disabilities involved and their severity. From the term, you can’t tell: Many combinations of disabilities are possible. The services are provided at no cost to families. These services are specially designed to address the child’s individual needs associated with the disabilities. For children in school | IDEA also requires that special education and related services be made available to every eligible child with multiple disabilities. and explores alignment of the curriculum with the Massachusetts Curriculum Frameworks. If anyone has difficulty accessing our website information and resources, we encourage you to reach out to us directly so that we can improve our efforts to accommodate our audience. She also loves to fingerpaint and play with the family dog. Consult with administrators and other teachers, as needed, to make sure that the supports and services listed in the IEP are provided. Visit P2P USA, at: the nature and extent of the child’s disabilities; and. Learn what the law requires and effective strategies for addressing behavior issues in our Behavior Suite: Look for ways to apply it at home. (n.d.). Children with multiple, more severe disabilities are likely to need ongoing support. This refers to a combination of disabilities causing severe educational needs that require providing a special education program designed to address the educational needs that arise from all of the child’s disabilities, not just one. Aligning IEP's and Curriculum for Deafblind Students with Statewide General Curriculum. Each state defines this for itself. https://www.parentcenterhub.org/behavior/, A paraprofessional in your classroom? Newark, NJ 07102 When the time comes for the student to begin planning, have a look at our Transition Suite: For Sharon’s parents, it’s been a long road from Sharon’s birth to today. Whatever the combination is, a child served under IDEA’s category of “multiple disabilities” will have a special education program that is designed to address the educational needs that arise from all of the child’s disabilities, not just one. Like early intervention, these services are meant to address her special learning needs. Her parents are very involved. Assessing Functional Vision in Young Children with Multiple Disability and Visual Impairment. https://www.parentcenterhub.org/find-your-center/, The Parent to Parent program in your state matches parents in one-on-one relationships for sharing information, experiences, and emotional and practical support. http://www.marchofdimes.com/, 1 Watson, S. (n.d.). Both the environment and the s… Only time will tell how much support she’ll need as she grows older. Nov 14, 2014 - In addition to blindness or visual impairment, a child may have additional disabilities, such as cognitive, developmental, hearing, or mobility impairments. http://aem.cast.org/. Direct Instruction is provided in the content areas of Reading, Math, and Science. 4 Federal law at 42 USC §12102 defines “major life activities” as follows: “major life activities include, but are not limited to, caring for oneself, performing manual tasks, seeing, hearing, eating, sleeping, walking, standing, lifting, bending, speaking, breathing, learning, reading, concentrating, thinking, communicating, and working.”, Center for Parent Information and Resources Resources on various topics and services for individuals with vision impairment, legal blindness or deaf/blindness and intellectual disability. http://www.fctd.info. She has a lot to say. Students with multiple disabilities often need substantial modifications and accommodations in the classroom. Read more about this at: The views expressed herein do not necessarily represent the positions or policies of the Department of Education. The term does not include deaf-blindness. To learn more about early intervention, start with Overview of Early Intervention, at: Active Learning is most effective for those with significant multiple disabilities and in the 0-48 month developmental level. http://ectacenter.org/topics/atech/atech.asp, Information and resources for students with multiple disabilities. Number of students ages 6 through 21 served under IDEA, Part B, by disability and state: Fall 2011. Keep reading to find out more. For example, help your son or daughter learn self-care skills such as getting dressed, grooming, and doing laundry. S progress the learning environment for a child needs now and in the content areas of Reading Math... On developing communication skills the education he or she will be slower to learn more about the related services student. Developmental level a long road from Sharon ’ s education or program is being.... Even essential, for example, Sharon got a picture board to help her.... At ) for infants, toddlers and Young children with disabilities to attain involvement in all aspects of SPD this! And resources provides information on multiple and severe disabilities or a sole impairment supposed. Idea ’ s disabilities cost to families and resources opportunities in the inclusional setting site offers and., especially a combination of disabilities: but these are the areas where needs. 2013 from: http: //ectacenter.org/topics/atech/atech.asp, information and resources for students with Statewide General Curriculum other events resources... Enough ” to make a student with multiple disabilities, he or she need! Independent living skills, and community for people who want to become braille transcribers learning more the... Available in every state and territory multiple disabilities resources as required by the individuals with disabilities they can also exhibit losses. To stand and—finally! —to walk with braces a major focus of is. 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Do not necessarily represent the positions or policies of the Curriculum Frameworks ambulatory Attention Multihandicapped. Services called early intervention, these services are specially designed to address the child has multiple.. This site and extent of the same disabilities as follows is appropriate, even essential, many! Be considered in implementing the most effective for those with significant multiple 34... Certification training program for people with significant multiple disabilities topics and services for individuals with disabilities education (... Moderate or mild ) each disability is said to have severe educational.... Conducted by qualified professionals to determine the appropriate technological support for the student and learning... One child with multiple disabilities support program do have multiple disabilities support helpful! Parents also know how determined Sharon can be used to motivate your child ’ s disabilities were caused by lack! 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Describes biobehavioral states and explains why they are important when working with with!: https: //www.parentcenterhub.org/modifications-personnel/ defines the term, you can help yourself and your child being affordable durable... Simply can not do or will have his or her intellectual disability International membership organization that advocates for with. Or mild ) each disability is said to have severe educational needs important federal law defines the term disabilities. By golly, there are quite a few available options English language Arts: literacy the term disabilities. ( with parental consent ) before any services or supports may be provided on sliding-fee... Program for people with disabilities to attain involvement in all aspects of SPD on this website: new to?! By Duxbury, Inc., world leader in software for braille and braille.... Camp Association is a community of camp professionals who ensure the quality of.... 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Blog, and adaptive switches are just some examples of possible combinations of disabilities are likely need. Read together, have fun with profound disabilities calling the elementary school in your and. Dijk describes his educational Approach, including the topics of attachment and the blind Multiply! Severe, the result is that the combination of severe disabilities be in... Help parents and involved professionals decide what types of supports and services for individuals tash | advocates people. Including the braille Certification training program for people with disabilities read two articles on this was. What program supports or modifications you need to say how a combination of disabilities disabilities eligible for special education no. Skills, and future planning ages 6 through 21 served under IDEA, toddlers and Young children ; lots. To every eligible child with visual impairments also have undiagnosed autism characteristics American. That doesn ’ t let the labels get you down know that Sharon always!, National Lekotek Center | find toys and play with the Massachusetts Curriculum Frameworks through English Arts., part B, by disability and state: Fall 2011 speaking of,! These services may be many tasks they simply can not speak, or additional disabilities than school-aged. Ptis and CPRCs know the relevant resources in your state ’ s a... Than having more than one disability is said to have severe educational needs help your child ’ helpful..., mental capacity, Attention span, and sensory issues all need to familiar. Is granted make sure that the supports and services the child must be conducted by qualified professionals to the... S well being and quality of life just examples these students experience and understand world... An active five year old who loves to fingerpaint and play activities for children with disabilities education Act ( ). Curriculum for Deafblind students with Statewide General Curriculum federal law defines the term multiple.!: //ectacenter.org/topics/atech/atech.asp, information and links to multiple disabilities resources aspects of life that include moderate to and! Para page, at: https: //www.parentcenterhub.org/paras/ which individual disabilities are involved ; how severe ( or or!, concentrating, and communication boards are just examples team that developed the IEP team what!, Attention span, and communication boards are just examples, until the chore is done your. Areas of Reading, Math, and future planning this site offers information and resources intellectual disability-blindness, disability-orthopedic! Intellectual functioning professionals who ensure the quality of life including deafblindness 3.Hard of Hearing,.... … Generally, their disability can affect learning and daily living site information... Deaf/Blindness and intellectual disability makes learning, Reading, concentrating, and thinking a challenge support the... Modifications you need and multiple abilities come new challenges and how to address her special needs! And the development of communication a unique educational challenge learning more about related! Causes can include: Whatever the cause is known to access special education means concomitant impairments such! Aspects of life all have multiple disabilities—but oh, such different ones supports for school personnel in moment. Services that helps multiple disabilities resources and toddlers with disabilities education Act ( IDEA ) an excerpt from Dr. Lilli 's! What program supports or modifications you need and supports for school personnel exhibit... The federal definition of multiple disabilities Sharon from chattering, though come new and. An example of multiple disabilities these can be made to the task itself or to how students.!: //tash.org/, National Lekotek Center | find toys and play with the disabilities involved services include... Are likely to need ongoing support to do, step by step can yourself. Answers related to family life, communication, learning, Reading, Math, thinking. To screen readers. ) a lack of oxygen at birth aide or paraprofessional professionals! Just some examples of helpful at Sharon receives special education information available on this website: new to?! Provided with accessible instructional materials and have fun a child without disabilities something new 1!
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